The finds include 42,000-year-old bird bone and mammoth ivory flutes which are the oldest musical instruments ever found, The Germanic tribes are thought to date from the Nordic Bronze Age or the Pre-Roman Iron Age.
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The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Bremen, Dresden, Hannover and Nuremberg.
Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.
As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third-largest exporter and importer of goods.
A developed country with a very high standard of living, it upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, and a tuition-free university education.
is a federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe.
Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential and successful artists, philosophers, musicians, sportspeople, entrepreneurs, scientists, engineers, and inventors.
The German term Deutschland, originally diutisciu land ("the German lands") is derived from deutsch (cf.
Germany is a member of the United Nations, NATO, the G7 (formerly G8), the G20, and the OECD.