This counts only those executed within the city itself, and the real number of executions, counting also those executed in all the witch hunts within the diocese as a whole, was therefore even larger.
The exact number of people executed has never been established; a total of 1,000 has been suggested but not confirmed.
After the Napoleonic Wars ended in 1815, Trier passed to the Kingdom of Prussia.
The German philosopher and one of the founders of Marxism, Karl Marx was born in the city in 1818.
In the 4th century, Trier was one of the largest cities in the Roman Empire with a population around 75,000 and perhaps as much as 100,000.
The Porta Nigra ("Black Gate") dates from this era.
The Archbishop-Elector also had great significance as one of the seven electors of the Holy Roman Empire.
With an approximate population of 105,000, Trier is the fourth-largest city in its state, after Mainz, Ludwigshafen, and Koblenz.
The Franks seized Trier from Roman administration in 459.
In 870, it became part of Eastern Francia, which developed into the Holy Roman Empire.
The name distinguished it from the empire's many other cities honoring the first emperor Augustus.